October 26, 2020

The new concept of protecting farmers' property rights is about to be born

[ China Agricultural Machinery Industry News ] The reform of the rural collective property rights system will rebuild the basic structure of China's rural collective economy, and will also bring the new concept of protecting the farmers' property rights and the new kinetic energy to maintain its development. Between the state and the collective, the focus is on giving the rural collective greater land development rights; between the collective and the members, the focus is on giving members greater power over collective asset shares. Just like the reform of the rural land system, we must grasp the reform of the rural collective asset shareholding system; like the management of state-owned assets, we must grasp the management of rural collective assets; protect the farmer’s property rights just like protecting cultivated land.

The new concept of protecting farmers' property rights is about to be born

The reform of the rural collective assets shareholding system is different from the shareholding system reform of industrial and commercial enterprises, and it must reflect the collective ownership and unique community and welfare of members. At this stage, it is necessary to strictly limit the circulation of collective assets held by farmers within the collective economic organization. It is necessary to close the operation of the collective assets and not to break through the scope of the collective economic organization and trade with ordinary investors.
A few days ago, the news of a 4.6 million yuan in cash distribution at the end of a “Tuhao Village” in Beijing’s Shan County, caused people’s attention. As a member of the collective economic organization, more than 1,800 villagers in the village shared this big red envelope. At the beginning of the new year, the Ministry of Agriculture announced that it will strive to complete the reform of the national collective asset-share cooperative system in five years. The keen people noticed the intrinsic link between the two news, realizing that the relevant reforms are transforming resources into stocks and farmers becoming shareholders. The author believes that the door to the empowerment of farmers' property rights is being opened nationwide, and the property rights of farmers must be protected like the protection of cultivated land.
The “local village” is so enviable, but it has a background of reform. The village is adjacent to the urban area of ​​Jingshan County. With the development of urbanization, almost all of the land has been developed, and village enterprises are also growing. Jingshan County is one of the 29 pilot counties for the reform of rural collective assets in the country. From the end of 2015, it is authorized to initiate pilot reforms in accordance with the law. The villagers, as members of the rural collective economic organization, shareholder of the stock cooperatives, receive income from the collective according to the quantitative share of the assets. Although they are also called shareholders, they are different from the general investment income.
China's rural collective assets are huge, and only the book assets have reached 2.86 trillion yuan. Due to unclear ownership, unclear income, and undistributed distribution, it is easy to cause collective assets to be lost or encroached, resulting in “small officials and greed”. phenomenon. Some farmers have reflected that the village collective assets seem to be "mirror flowers, water moons", but they can't be seen. The number of collective homes is not clear, and the share of ownership is also very vague. How to allocate a lot is the cadre has the final say. Some grassroots cadres are worried that the reform will smash the "horse honeycomb" and expose some silent problems.
With the acceleration of urbanization, the voice of the masses is stronger in the developed areas of the east as well as in the suburbs of the city. Some urban and rural junctions, "villages in the city", a large number of non-resident permanent residents influx, if not clear property rights as early as possible, it will be more difficult to say clearly the ownership of assets in a few years. In the rural areas where the urbanization process is rapid, the farmers are both worried and hopeful about whether they can hold together the common property that has been hard work for generations and how they can develop in the future. Therefore, the reform of the rural collective property rights system is a hurdle that cannot be bypassed.
The author believes that in the promotion of the shareholding system reform, it is necessary to improve the stock power, activate the vitality of rural sleeping assets, and strictly protect and prevent the invasion of foreign capital. The reform of the rural collective assets shareholding system is different from the shareholding system reform of industrial and commercial enterprises, and it must reflect the collective ownership and unique community and welfare of members. At this stage, it is necessary to strictly limit the internal circulation of collective assets held by farmers to be closed and operate, and cannot break through the scope of the collective economic organization and trade with ordinary investors.
It is true that the reform will encounter many difficulties, such as determining whether membership is based on household registration or land, and how the share of the married daughter and the immigrant population is balanced. It should be noted that each village has a history of each village, and the individual situation is very different. There is no standard model that can achieve “one change”. Promoting reforms can be based on the "one village, one policy" approach, and the choice is given to the villagers, not the cadres. We must believe in the wisdom of the masses and solve the problem of unclear borders of members in accordance with the principles approved by the masses.

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